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I do require all pups who are being placed as companions be spayed or neutered by a certain age, but we do not advocate early age altering such as 3-4 months of age. I do, however, require they be neutered by 8 months of age, but not before 6 months of age.

1. Longer healthier life with less risk of cancer and infections.

2. Easier to house-break. No hormone surges mean no marking urges.

3.Less mounting/humping you or their toys and less roaming.

4. Not as moody.

5. Not as likely to have disagreements with on another and not as territorial.

6. Without the hormones to distract them, they will be more focused on you, making them, easier to train for companionship, performance and obedience competitions.


1. Males can be inclined to mark territory, so do females. However, when raised properly from the beginning and when spayed or neutered at the appropriate age both sexes can be wonderful house companions and equally trustworthy. However, it should be noted one the main reasons females are often thought of a s being more trustworthy is they are just more sneaky then the males. You will catch the male marking, but the female with go hide, so as not to get in trouble. 

2. With Papillon either sex can be on the small or large side of the standard for the breed. Ideally the range is between 8-10 inches at the shoulder, and range 4-15 lbs. with 6-8 lbs being average.

3. Males do tend to be more loyal because they have a greater desire to please you. Of course are exceptions to every rule, but in general the male Papillon tend to be more loyal. But once a female has bonded to you she is very bonded.

4.When either sex is left intact they can have spats during hormone surges, but when either sex is spayed/neutered they typically get along with others of their own sex equally well.

5. While both sexes can be sweet and loving it is more commonly the male that falls into the more loving category. Someone once said a male lives for you while a female expects you to live for them. the males are typically more loving, while the females tend to have a mind of their own and are more independent. In some opinions.

6. This is more true when your females are left intact, but the moodiness is still more commonly true of female Paps in general.

7. Male Papillons are typically more focused on you and wanting to please you while the females want to please themselves first.

8. Although this is typically true it is still dependent on genetics and if you female is spayed or not. Both can have equally nice coats, but spayed females do typically have better coats than intact females because they are not going through hormone surges every six months.

9. If you have a well-behaved house-broken male and you bring a young female into the house your male will often be inclined to mark territory for his new "girlfriend." This can be the case even if your male is neutered, but it is especially likely if you male is not neutered. Even if you have a neutered male and are planning to have the new female spayed when she is old enough this is still not a good idea. A male can detect a female coming into heat sometimes a couple of weeks before physical signs present themselves. If she were to even get close to her first heat cycle before being spayed your male could loose his mind so to speak and begin marking you entire house. Once he has started marking it is very difficult to break the habit.

10. Both sexes, when left intact. can be difficult to house-break because the hormone surges will cause nature to take its course. However, when both sexes are altered they can be equally trainable and trustworthy. It is important to get a pup started off correctly from the beginning having certain locations to potty. 

11. It is a medical fact that having your pet spayed or neutered can help it to live a longer and healthier life. For male there will often be less risk of testicular and prostrate cancer as well as other non-cancerous prostrate disorders,, less risk of perianal fistulas and possibly even a lowered risk of diabetes. The lowered testosterone levels will also reduce agression territory disputes and roaming For females, spaying will reduce the risk of mammary tumors, uterine, ovarian and cervical tumors, pyometra and perianal fistulas. Spaying also reduces moodiness and agression.

12. Some think it will be healthier if you let a female have her first heat or litter before she is spayed. Absolutely not!!! Once a female dog has her first heat cycle, her body, and often her personality, changes. The hormones will often cause her  to be temperamental and anti-social, her vulva and nipples will swell and  never be quite as small as they were before, she will go through a horrible coat shed (they blow their coats) and  her uterus will be bombarded with progesterone for up to 60 days leaving chance of infection. The ph value of her urine will become more acidic which leaves a more porous coats open for staining and causes her urine to have a much stronger odor. Having a litter will leave her more open for mammary tumors and infection. 

14. Yes!, if a female has always worked best for you and that is what you are happy with then you should most certainly stick with a female. If you want a companion under your feet, following you everywhere, usually a male is for you. If you are more independent and don't want to be around and tripping over your companion, then a female is for you.

There are always exceptions!!!!
I have exceptions to the rules! In both sexes.

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